Super Fit USA
 
Research
 

Education : Scientific Support
A growing body of scientific research demonstrates how the technology behind the WBV machines provides widespread applications and health benefits. Listed below are just a few of the numerous studies detailing positive results from using WBV machines as part of your exercise regime. 
Review Articles on Whole Body Vibration
Research Articles with other WBV Machines


Published WBV Studies
Bautmans, I., Van Hees E, Lemper J, Mets T.
The feasibility of whole body vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its influence on muscle performance, balance and mobility: a randomised, controlled trial.
BMC Geriatrics, Dec; 5:17, 2005

This study shows that in nursing home residents with limited functional dependency, six weeks of static  training is feasible, and beneficial for balance and mobility.

Bazett-Jones, D, Holmes, W., and Dugan, E
Comparing the effects of various whole-body vibration acceleration on counter-movement jump performance.
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7, pp:144-150, 2008

The purpose of this study was to determine which intensity has the greatest effect on height of a vertical jump and the duration of that affect, if any exists.
Results show that one 45 seconds bout of at 2.94g (40 Hz, 2-4 mm) seems to be the most effective stimulus for this female population, which did not include elite athletes. Males may require a greater duration or volume of vibration exposure to elicit greater effects.

Bogaerts, A, Verschueren, S, Delecluse, Claessens, A, L, and S. Boonen
Effects of whole body vibration training on postural control in older individuals: A 1 year randomized controlled trial.
Gait & Posture, 26, 309-316, 2007

This study shows that 12 months of training with older individuals leads to a reduced fall frequency, most notably in the most challenging condition (with eyes closed on a moving platform).

Bogaerts, A, Verschueren, S, Delecluse, Claessens, A, L, Coudyzer, W and Boonen S.
Impact of Whole-Body Vibration Training Versus Fitness Training on Muscle Strength and Muscle Mass in Older Men: A 1-Year Randomized Controlled Trial
Journal of Gerontology: MEDICAL SCIENCES, Vol. 62A, No. 6, 630–635, 2007

This study shows that 12 months Power training with community-dwelling older men increased upper leg muscle strength and muscle mass.

Cormie, P, Deana, R, Travis Triplett, N, and McBride, J.
Acute Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Muscle Activity, Strength, and Power.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 257–261, 2006

The result of this study was that an increased jump height can be recorded immediately after the vibration treatment compared to the sham (no vibration) treatment. Although not significant, subjects’ peak force, jump height and peak power decreased less after vibration compared to sham immediately, 5 minutes and 15 minutes post treatment. This means that subjects performed at a higher level after the vibration treatment.

Moezy, A, Olyaei, G, Hadian, M, Razi, M and Faghihzadeh, S
A Comparative Study of Whole Body Vibration Training and Conventional Training on Knee Proprioception and Postural Stability after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
British Journal of Sports Medicine. Published online 8 Jan 2008

The results of this study showed that training increased postural stability and proprioceptive function (the conscious perception of limb position in space) in athletes who have had their Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) reconstructed.
Roelants, M, Verschueren, S, Delecluse, C, Levin, O, and Stijnen, V
WBV-induced increase in leg muscle activity during different squat exercises.
Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(1), 124–129 , 2006

Muscle activity in the upper leg (measured with EMG) increased significantly during a  session (2 minutes) at 35 Hz. This increase could be measured in all muscles and all exercises compared with the non-vibrating condition.



 Clinical Studies & Poster Presentations
Abercromby, A., W. Amonette, W.H. Paloski, and M. Hinman
Effect of knee flexion angle on neuromuscular responses to whole-body vibration.
Abstract presented at NSCA National Conference. July 2005.

In this study done by researcher from NASA they found positive neuromuscular responses of leg muscles during short periods of WBV.

Amonette, W., A. Abercromby, M. Hinman, and W.H. Paloski
Neuromuscular responses to two whole-body vibration modalities during dynamic squats.
Abstract presented at NSCA National Conference. July 2005.

This study done by NASA suggest that WBV enhances muscle activation in the lower- and upper-leg during dynamic squats.

Bogaerts, A, Verschueren, S, Delecluse, Claessens, A, L, and S. Boonen
Effects of Whole Body Vibration Training on postural control in older individuals.
Poster presentation at Egrepa International Conference, 2006

The extensive sensory stimulation and more efficient use of the proprioceptive feedback loop caused  are likely to be responsible for the improvement in some aspects of balance.

Bogaerts A, Verschueren S, Delecluse C, Claessens A, Boonen S
EFFECTS OF WHOLE BODY VIBRATION TRAINING ON CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS AND MUSCLE STRENGTH IN OLDER INDIVIDUALS, A ONE YEAR RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
12th Annual Congress of the ECSS, 11–14 July 2007

The results of this study show that training might be seen as a cardiovascular training method, without increasing the risk of injury. The results were attained in less than half the time needed for a conventional program with similar results. Consequently, it may improve the ability of older subjects to live longer independently with a higher quality of life.

Corrie H, Brooke-Wavell K, Mansfield N, D’Souza O, Griffiths V, Morris R, Attenborough A, Masud T
A randomised controlled trial on the effects of whole body vibration on muscle power in older people at risk of falling.
Osteoporosis Int. 18 (Suppl 3) [Young Investigator Award], 2007

This 12 week study determined that adding vertical vibration to a standard falls prevention program can improve muscle power in community dwelling older people at risk of falling. The tilting group did not significantly improve. This indicates that WBV training could have an important role in improving falls prevention.

Corrie H, Brooke-Wavell K, Mansfield N, D’Souza O, Griffiths V, Morris R, Attenborough A, Masud T
Effect of whole body vibration on bone formation and resorption in older patients: a randomised controlled trial.
Osteoporosis Int. 18 (Suppl 3), 2007

This 12 week, 3 times a week, study with older people suggest that whole body vibration does not affect bone resorption but lead to an increase in bone formation.

Danko M, Le, Vu, Todd, Carol, Waylonis, GW
Use of Vibration-Assisted Exercise in Fibromyalgia Patients.

Heitkamp H, Möst M, Furian T, Krauß I, Maiwald C, and Horstmann T
Laktatverhalten bei einem Training der laufspezifischen Muskulatur auf einer schwingenden Plattform.
Poster 2005

TRANSLATION: Lactate production during training of running musculature on an oscillating platform
This study shows that by training 8 weeks, twice weekly for 15 minutes subjects were able to increase performance while keeping the increase in lactate production to a minimum.

Lamont, H.S., M.G. Bemben, J. Cramer, A. Gayaud, and L.S. Acree
Effects of Different Vibration Interventions on Indices of Counter Movement Vertical Jump Performance in College Aged Males

This study shows that the use of an intermittent vibration protocol at a frequency of 50 Hz appears to be more effective than continuous vibration at a lower frequency of 30 Hz at enhancing acute indices of vertical jump performance.

Schröder J, Thießel J, Dieckstall S, Heinold M, and Braumann KM
Effekte beim Krafttraining durch die Einleitung rhythmisch-neuromuskulärer Stimulation (RNS).
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Sportmedizin, Jahrgang 56, Nr. 7/8 (2005), S. 239. 2005

TRANSLATION: Effects in strength training by the introduction of rhythmical neuromuscular stimulation.
This study compared the conventional push up. Results on maximal strength through chest press show an improvement of 34% for the group compared to 24% for the conventional training group.



Delecluse C, Roelants M, Diels R, Koninckx E, Verschueren S.
Effects of Whole-Body-Vibration Training on Muscle Strength and Sprint Performance in Sprint-trained Athletes
Int J Sports Med. Oct;26(8):662-8, 2005

During a 5 week period, sprint-trained athletes continued their conventional training program. The subjects of the Power Plate group additionally performed a training prior to their conventional training program three times weekly. This specific  protocol of 5 weeks had no supplementary value when compared to the conventional training program to improve speed-strength performance. It is suggested that the intensity and volume of this particular protocol may not have been high enough for these highly-trained athletes.

Delecluse, C., M. Roelants, and S. Verschueren
Strength Increase after Whole-Body Vibration Compared with Resistance Training.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 1033-1041, 2003

This study clearly shows that strength increases after WBV training are not attributable to a placebo effect. The WBV used in this study produced vertical sinusoidal vibrations at a frequency between 35 and 40 Hz. The acceleration of the platform varied between 2.28 g and 5.09 g. In the placebo condition, the subjects who were performing the same exercises could hear the motor and experienced tingles on their foot soles, but the acceleration of the platform was only 0.4 g. Results show that isometric and dynamic knee-extensor strength increased significantly in both the WBVin resistance training group, whereas the placebo and control group showed no significant increase. Jump height enhanced significantly in the WBV group only.

Lohman, E., Petrofsky, J., Maloney-Hinds, C., Betts-Schwab, H,. Thorpe, D
The effect of whole body vibration on lower extremity skin blood flow in normal subjects.
Medical Science Monitor; 13(2): CR71-76, 2007

This study looked at the effect of on skin blood flow. The results show that short bursts of passive vibrations (massage exercises) increases skin blood flow, which will remain elevated for at least 10 minutes afterwards. Short duration high intensity exercises  reduce skin blood flow slightly, suggesting that the blood flow requirement of active muscles supersedes the increased skin vascular changes as a result of vibration.

Paradisis, G, and Zacharogiannis, E
Effects of whole-body vibration training on sprint running kinematics and explosive strength performance.
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 6, 44-49, 2007
Classic
The conclusion of this study is that a training period of 6 wk produces significant positive changes in kinematical characteristics of sprint running (step length, step rate and running velocity).

Roelants, M, Delecluse, C, Goris, M, and S. Verschueren
Effects of 24 Weeks of Whole Body Vibration Training on Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Untrained Females
International Journal of Sports Medicine, 25:1-5, 2004

This study showed that 24 weeks of  training in previously untrained females induces a gain in knee-extensor strength, combined with a small increase in fat free mass. The program used in this study did not reduce weight, total body fat or subcutaneous fat, as it was probably too short or too low in intensity to achieve that particular effect.

Roelants, M., C. Delecluse, and S. Verschueren
Whole-Body-Vibration Training Increases Knee-Extension Strength and Speed of Movement in Older Women.
Journal of the American Geriatric Society 52:901-908, 2004

This study shows  a suitable training method and is at least as efficient as conventional resistance training to improve knee extension strength, speed of movement and countermovement jump performance in older women.

Verschueren, S., M. Roelants, C. Delecluse, S. Swinnen, D. Vanderschueren, and S. Boonen
Effect of 6-Month Whole Body Vibration Training on Hip Density, Muscle Strength, and Postural Control in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. 19(3), 2004

The conclusion of this study was that in healthy postmenopausal women, a 24-week program is feasible and can be applied in order to modify muscle strength, balance, and hip bone density.

Bastian, J, Trittel, C, and Franz, W.
Vibrationstraining nach vorderer Kreuzbandplastik.
Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin, vol. 56, no. 7/8, p, 228, 2004

TRANSLATED: Empirical study of the effects of whole body vibration after arthroscopic reconstruction of the ACL.
This study shows that using the expedites recovery of muscle performance after ACL rupture. In combination with conventional physiotherapy, exercises on the lead to improved muscular power, enhanced proprioceptive abilities and stabilization of the knee.

Paradisis, G, Tziortzis, S, and Zacharogiannis, E
The Effects of Six Week Whole Body Vibration Training on Sprint.
Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise. V (37); p193-194, 2005

The findings of this study suggest that the  training method produces a significant improvement in the vertical squat jump, as well as in the performance of a 60 m sprint, whereas the strength characteristics did not show any significant differences.

Verschueren, S, Brumagne, S, Roelants, M, Delecluse, C, Suy, E, and S. Swinnen
The Effects of 24 Weeks Whole Body Vibration Training on Postural Control in the Elderly.
Abstract 2003

The present study suggest that training in elderly result in a significant increase in strength and in an improved (anticipatory) postural control, which make it potentials useful in fall prevention training in the elderly population.



Review Articles on Whole Body Vibration
Cardinale, M and Bosco, C
The Use of Vibration as an Exercises Intervention.
Exercise and Sport Sciences Review. Volume 31, No. 1, pp. 3-7, 2003

Johnell, O and J. Eisman
Whole lotta shakin´ goin´ on.
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. Online Publication Date: April 5, 2004

Jordan, J
Good Vibrations and Strong Bones?
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 288:555-556, 2004.